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Additional collections of scanned books, articles, and other texts (usually organized by topic) are presented here.

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A new movement in American higher education aims to transform the teaching of civics. This report is a study of what that movement is, where it came from, and why Americans should be concerned. What we call the "New Civics" redefines civics as progressive political activism. Rooted in the radical program of the 1960s' New Left, the New Civics presents itself as an up-to-date version of volunteerism and good works. Though camouflaged with soft rhetoric, the New Civics, properly...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Universities, Civics, Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, College Programs, Case...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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In this essay, Paul Vallas--education reform expert and key advisor to the government of Haiti in developing its national education plan--discusses his plan for Haiti. The paper explores the successes and challenges of education reform in Haiti, before and after the earthquake that devastated the nation in 2010. The essay describes the improvements made in other parts of the world distraught by natural disasters. Vallas explores how lessons learned could be adapted and emulated in a country...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Natural Disasters, Foreign Countries, Emergency Programs, Educational Planning,...
The purpose of these modules is to provide an introduction to the world of probability and statistics to accelerated mathematics students at the high school level. The materials are centered on the fictional town of Happy Shores, a coastal community which is at risk for hurricanes. Actuaries at an insurance company figure out the risks and possible losses associated with hurricanes and tropical storms in Happy Shores. Students use historical data to create models about possible damages if...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Mathematical Concepts, Probability, Statistics, Learning Modules, Insurance, High...
This publication contains the results of the conference "South-South Policy Dialogue on Quality Education for Adults and Young People" that took place in Mexico City in 2005. Articles were written by participants who presented their national programmes from the governmental perspective, which were reflected in the literacy policies, but there were also important contributions on basic education and competence recognition. Accent was put on the experiences of four countries that were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Quality, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Learning, Foreign...
This report is a sequel to the 2005 "Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources." This new report provides updated information and new insights into information consumers and their online habits, preferences, and perceptions. Particular attention was paid to how the current economic downturn has affected the information-seeking behaviors and how those changes are reflected in the use and perception of libraries. This report explores: (1) Technological and economic shifts since...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment Level, Library Development, Academic Libraries, Economic Climate,...
The lessons presented in this book will: (1) Help students better understand their own culture and how it has shaped them; (2) Help students begin to understand the perspectives of other cultures, leading to increased respect for those who are different from them--in the classroom and worldwide; and (3) Provide an increased awareness of the value and practicality of social service within and beyond the bounds of schools. This book is designed for easy adaptation by teachers in grades 6 through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Guides, Teaching Methods, Lesson Plans, Volunteers, Service...
This Final Report prepared by the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives offers an account of President George W. Bush's Faith-Based and Community Initiative (FBCI) to the faith-based and other community organizations (FBCOs) that have joined in the battles against poverty, disease, and other social ills. The report emphasizes measurable results achieved for millions in need across America and around the world through government partnerships with FBCOs, and looks at...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Leaders, Altruism, Nonprofit Organizations, Community Organizations,...
This collection of papers comprises proceedings from the 5th English in South East Asia Conference, held in December 2000 at Curtin University of Technology in Perth. The 19 papers include the following: (1) "Global English and Local Language Policies" (Robert Phillipson); (2) "Hong Kong Parents' Preference for English-Medium Education: Passive Victims of Imperialism or Active Agents of Pragmatism?" (David Li); (3) "Implications of the Recommendation that English Become...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cantonese, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Elementary Secondary Education,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 19, 2015 ERIC
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This guide is designed for Tagalog language training of Peace Corps workers in the Philippines, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. It consists of: a quick reference to common expressions and phrases; a series of topical vocabulary and phrase lists; targeted core language competencies, at three proficiency levels; a Tagalog-to-English glossary; a workbook containing drill, completion, matching, identification, and sentence construction exercises; and extensive grammar notes....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Classroom Communication, Community Services, Competency Based...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 19, 2015 ERIC
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The workbook for Ilokano was designed for language training of Peace Corps volunteers in the Philippines. It consists of: a list of commonly-used phrases for greetings, leavetaking, shopping, asking for directions, managing a conversation, and introducing oneself; a more extensive vocabulary/phrase book of words and expressions used in everyday communication, organized by situation and accompanied by English translations; a list of core competencies at three skill levels (beginning,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavioral Objectives, Communicative Competence (Languages), Competency Based...
This guide for teaching Tagalog as a second language is designed for training Peace Corps volunteers. It consists of 140 lessons based on cartoons from a Philippines newspaper. Each lesson contains a one- to three-panel cartoon in Tagalog with English translation, vocabulary and grammar notes, comprehension questions, and notes on related cultural features. Cartoon topics include a variety of daily living and interpersonal situations. (MSE)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cartoons, Conversational Language Courses, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education,...
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
Dec 16, 2015 Gilli, Éric, author; Fandel, Chloé, translator
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Karstology, Karsts, Caves and Springs, Elements of Fundamental and Applied Karstology by Eric Gilli
Topics: karst, water, caves, springs, limestone, cave, ean, aquifer, figure, karstic, karst aquifers, water...
A computer-assisted instructional (CAI) program at the University of Illinois is used to teach the dynamics of population growth. Socio-economic models are also developed to show the consequences of population growth upon variables such as income, productivity, and the demand for food. A one-sex population projection model allows students to project size age distribution, and other demographic characteristics under a variety of assumptions and parameters. A one-sector growth model illustrates...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Handler, Paul
New educational opportunities for women around the world are traced. An introductory section provides an overview and discussion on the implications of equal education for women. Other sections discuss the historical background of equal education for women, women's literacy, the primary school experience, secondary education, technical skills, university education, careers as educators, and full sexual equality in education. History has shown that the changing role and characteristics of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Career Choice, Comparative Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Employed Women,...
Twenty-two facets of the world population problem are explored. The topics are economic, social, ecological, and political in nature and generally portray the stresses and strains associated with continued population growth in a world inhabited by four billion people. These aspects of the population problem are discussed: literacy, oceanic fisheries, natural recreation areas, pollution, inflation, environmental illnesses, hunger, housing, climate change, overgrazing, crowding, income,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Demography, Developing Nations, Economically Disadvantaged, Energy Conservation,...
The changing role of women worldwide and its impact on politics, economic development, and social structures is examined. Inadequate education, lack of access to channels of influence, and prejudice generally hamper women in exercising the political rights they are now given by most countries in the world. Priority should be given to those political areas which constitute meaningful exercise of political power, rather than simple, formal political equality, which is already by law extended to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Change, Attitudes, Citizen Participation, Females, Political Attitudes,...
The author provides a global review of family planning techniques and their impact on national birth rates. Sterilization, the pill, and intrauterine devices are the most popular methods of contraception worldwide. Abortion, where it is legal, is also extremely popular. In countries such as the United States where population control is not an urgent concern, there is a need to educate young people about contraception, make devices readily available, and eliminate the social stigma that birth...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Birth Rate, Community Role, Contraception, Developing Nations,...
This paper, one of a series published by the Worldwatch Institute to identify and focus attention on global problems, is adapted from the author's book, "Rays of Hope: The Transition to a Post-Petroleum World." The author examines the current energy problems of the world, and determines that the energy patterns of the past are not the prologue to the future. The inadequacies associated with energy alternatives to petroleum, such as coal and nuclear fusion, are identified and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Depleted Resources, Energy, Environment, Environmental Influences, Fuels, Futures (of...
The interrelationship of population growth, food production, and death rates is explored. Birth rates in China, Western Europe, and North America have significantly decreased in the five-year period from 1970-75. This is largely due to widening availability of family planning services and the growing desire to use them. Four European countries have reached stability in population growth: East and West Germany, Austria, and Luxembourg. Reasons for this stability include high levels of income,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Birth Rate, Climate, Contraception, Death, Demography, Developing...
This paper, an adaption from the author's forthcoming book "The Twenty-Ninth Day: Accomodating Human Needs and Numbers to the Earth's Resources," deals with non-military threats to national security. Since World War II the concept of national security has acquired an overwhelmingly military character. The policy of continual preparedness has led to the militarization of the world economy, with military expenditures now accounting for six percent of the global product. Most countries...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biological Influences, Climate, Disarmament, Environmental Influences, Food, National...
The report identifies regions in which deserts and arid zones are increasing; discusses social and climatic causes of deserts; and suggests ways to cope with and reverse problems of famine, malnutrition, and drought. Increasingly, land is being sapped of its ability to sustain agriculture and human habitation north and south of the Sahara, in Iraq, India, the Argentine, Chile, Australia, and the southwestern United States. This is due to overgrazing, soil erosion caused by improper cultivation,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, Climate, Depleted Resources, Developing...
A key question to ask in determining whether a solution will be found to the current worldwide destruction of plant and animal life is whether people will learn to reconcile effectively the demands of environmental conservationists and developers. Probably the most immediate threat which ecological destruction poses to human welfare is shrinkage of the plant genepools available to agricultural scientists, farmers, and foresters. Additional problems are the extinction of species with economic or...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Biological Influences, Biological Sciences, Conservation (Environment), Depleted...
This publication proposes a timetable for converting the world economy to solar energy. The contents include: (1) A solar-powered world by 2025; (2) Heating and cooling; (3) Renewable fuels; (4) Electricity; (5) Getting there from here; and (6) Notes. Numerous facts are presented within these sections. International solar research programs are reviewed briefly for Sweden, Japan, Denmark, Britain, Australia, Brazil, and China. A global energy policy is recommended. (MA)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Ecological Factors, Economics, Energy, Environmental...
The infusion of technology into society has created social and environmental problems as well as benefits. Four concerns linked with technology are discussed in this paper: rising unemployment, growing social inequalities, dwindling oil and gas reserves, and potential long-term ecological problems. Indiscriminate transfer of modern labor-saving technology from industrial nations to developing nations uses up capital and energy resources, and overlooks the need for great numbers of people to be...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Ecological Factors,...
American economic analysts will better understand current economic trends if they investigate economic problems in light of the expanding global economy. Reasons for the failure of economists to explain the simultaneous existence of rapid inflation and high unemployment include preoccupation with economic indicators, short-term forecasts, and econometric models. Instead of concentrating on symptoms of economic maladies, economists should consider their underlying causes such as the role of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Attitude Change, Biological Influences, Capitalism, Depleted...
The booklet maintains that the key to meeting basic human needs is the participation of individuals and communities in local problem solving. Some of the most important achievements in providing food, upgrading housing, improving human health, and tapping new energy sources, comes through local self-help projects. Proponents of local efforts at world problem solving point out that national and international efforts are too highly centralized to encourage direct action by those who are most...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Citizen Participation, Community Action, Cooperation, Developed Nations, Developing...
The paper explores the relationship of women's childbearing attitudes to educational and work opportunities. Program administrators for family planning, educational programs, and national development efforts in developing countries must realize the importance of the social and cultural environment in designing programs to reduce population growth. Section one discusses the impact of education on women's attitudes toward childbearing. Schooling exposes women to new kinds of information, can...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Attitude Change, Birth Rate, Community Role, Comparative Education,...
Focusing on the need for energy to sustain economic development on a long-term basis, the document examines energy options of the post-petroleum era in developing nations. Nuclear power and solar power are the most important among proposed alternative energy sources. Limited applicability of nuclear technology to the Third World is discussed. Problems include the need of most developing nations to seek foreign fuel to power nuclear plants, the difficulty of designing nuclear facilities that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Climate, Depleted Resources, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Employment,...
The world economic situation is beset by growing worker dissatisfaction, slowing economic growth, and rising energy and resource costs. A partial solution to these problems may be worker participation in management and ownership. As production has become more dehumanized and workers have become increasingly dissatisfied and alienated, the quality of their work has suffered. To offset this malaise, various experiments have been conducted to improve the quality of work life and to give workers a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administration, Cooperatives, Decision Making, Economic Climate, Economic Research,...
Although progress has been made in combatting the most visible and easily controlled forms of pollution (exhaust, industrial waste, sewage, etc.), other pollutants have been largely ignored. Pollutants which are uncontrolled and which are increasingly recognized as dangerous include carbon dioxide, toxic substances such as dioxin, mirex, lindane, mercuric oxide, lead and mercury, and nuclear wastes. Reasons for lack of success in removing these and other pollutants include the following: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Air Pollution, Conservation (Environment), Data Analysis, Developed Nations, Ecology,...
Forestry planning is essential if the global trend toward deforestation is to be reversed. World forest trends, although often based on inaccurate or misleading information put out by national governments, indicate that the area of land covered with closed forests has decreased from about 25% in 1950 to about 20% in the 1970s. Major causes of deforestation include logging, spread of agriculture, and collection of firewood. Among the economic consequences of uncontrolled deforestation are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Conservation (Environment), Developed Nations, Developing Nations,...
This publication is the sixth in a series of papers on global environmental issues. This paper evaluates the future of nuclear power, subjecting it to several tests: (1) economics; (2) safety; (3) adequacy of fuel supplies; (4) environmental impact; and (5) both national and international security. Section headings include: (1) The nuclear fuel cycle; (2) Nuclear economics; (3) Uranium supplies; (4) Safety; (5) Environmental impact; (6) Energy independence; (7) Nuclear terrorism; and (8)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economics, Energy Conservation, Environmental Education, Environmental Influences,...
Possible future roles and designs of cars are examined in light of depletion of the earth's oil reserves. A major problem with regard to the rapidly changing world oil outlook is that cars will be competing with more essential claiments for scarce oil supplies including food production, industrial power, home heating, and running trucks and busses. Developing nations, which are particularly dependent upon the automobile, are likely to experience the most profound economic impact. Estimates of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing...
This monograph explores the aims, priorities, and international dimensions of the world's research and development (R&D) enterprise. Global R&D priorities in order of importance include military technology, basic research, space, energy, health, information processing, transportation, pollution control, and agriculture. The majority of R&D efforts are made by industrialized nations and are geared to meeting the political and economic goals of industrialized nations. In leading the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Development, Financial Support, Global...
Major arguments and background of the worldwide land reform debate are reviewed. In developing nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, the control of farmland remains a principal key to wealth, status, and power. Rural landless peasants at the bottom of the socioeconomic ladder, estimated by the World Bank at more than 600 million people, are unable to meet basic needs such as food, fuel, shelter, education, health care, and family planning. Review of international agricultural output data...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Cooperation, Developing Nations, Disadvantaged Environment, Economic...
Population growth and resource depletion are discussed. The need is stressed for policy makers to understand how population projections relate to the carrying capacity of the earth's basic biological systems. Because the earth's resources are limited, it is essential that policy makers in developed and developing nations be able to analyze the relationship between population and resources such as fisheries, forests, croplands, and grasslands. Economic and social stresses have already resulted...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Demography, Depleted Resources, Developed Nations,...
Because of the vital elements of economic life that national accounts often leave out, great skepticism should be attached to the use of GNP as a measure of country's well-being. National accounts in both developed and developing nations consistently overlook and undervalue work done by women, whether in the subsistence sector, the informal labor market, or the household. As a result, many hardworking women are classified as "not economically active." During the past three decades...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Employed Parents, Employed Women, Feminism,...
Employment potential in developed and developing nations is analyzed from an economic viewpoint. Estimates by the International Labor Office are that the global labor force will grow by about 900 million people from 1980 to 2000. It is projected that these 900 million people will join the current labor force including approximately 50 million unemployed and about 300 million underemployed. Accurate measures of employment are difficult because different countries count employment in different...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Economic Factors,...
The paper explores how continuously expanding world demand for food, feed, and fuel is generating pressure to restructure agricultural land use. In addition, problems related to transfer of agricultural crop land to energy crops are discussed. The technology of energy crops has developed to the point where large-scale commercial production of alcohol from high-yielding energy crops appears to be favorable. As gasoline prices reach $2.00 per gallon, gasahol becomes not only feasible but...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Food,...
Global inflation should be viewed more as a sympton of social problems than as an economic disease that can be cured by monetary and fiscal policy. Social problems signaled by inflation include exploding demand, rising costs for essential commodities, stagnating productivity, and a decline in the real standard of living. Inflation is interpreted as an increase in the overall level of nominal prices in the whole economy. It is significant to note, however, that crucial determinants of well being...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Cost Estimates, Costs, Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing...
Approximately 20 million workers are presently living in countries other than their homelands in order to find better job opportunities. This labor migration is determined mainly by an income gap between the sending and receiving countries. Less important determinants are historical ties, cultural or linguistic affinity, and proximity. Emigrants include highly educated professionals such as doctors and engineers, and unskilled laborers who can assume low-paying jobs in agriculture and industry,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Change Strategies, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Factors,...
Separate sections of this document deal with refugee concerns in terms of a global approach, definitions of a refugee, alternatives for refugees, the international response, and long-term prospects. The booklet states that the present number of 16 million refugees is bound to increase given increasing rivalry over land and resources. The global community must improve its ability to anticipate conflicts that have a high potential for generating refugees. In the international community, however,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Futures (of Society), Global Approach, International Law, International Relations,...
This monograph explores how architecture is influenced by and is responding to the global energy dilemma. Emphasis is placed on conservation techniques (using heavy insulation) and on passive solar construction (supplying most of a building's heating, cooling, and lighting requirements by sunlight). The basic problem is that architecture, like transportation, manufacturing, and agriculture, is heavily dependent on fossil fuels. It is estimated that approximately one-quarter of the world's...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Architecture, Building Design, Climate, Conservation Education, Energy, Energy...
This report discusses the growth of urbanization throughout the world with focus on the problems faced by poor city dwellers. The first section presents population data that show the great increases in urban populations around the globe during this century. Urban food supplies are discussed in the second section. Energy constraints on city growth are explored in the third section, with a discussion about differences in fuel use by urban and rural areas. The fourth section describes employment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Demography, Employment Opportunities, Energy, Population Trends, Public...
A combination of revitalized employment policies, greater industrial democracy, and new ways of distributing both the hours of work and the fruits of technological change are essential if the benefits of the microelectronic revolution are to be equitably shared. Microelectronic technology promises an array of benefits, and the electronic age is already well under way. As it progresses during the last two decades of the twentieth century, it will lead to improvements in productivity in factories...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Automation, Economics, Electronics Industry, Employment Opportunities, Futures (of...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jan 30, 2015 ERIC
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Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the tenth year of the Peace Corps. An overview focuses on Peace Corps success in providing technical assistance to aid development plans for the seventies and in responding to local needs as well as on its failures. The next section considers the Peace Corps response to the New Directions policies, including providing volunteers who are specialists with demand skills; recruiting families; improving recruitment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Annual Reports, Community Development, Cooperative Programs,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jan 30, 2015 ERIC
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Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the third year of the Peace Corps. An introduction comments on returning volunteers and presents regional maps with tables for Latin America, Africa, Near East and South Asia, and Far East. Section 1 contains letters and reports from volunteers in Peru, Ivory Coast, Nepal, Pakistan, Bolivia, and Thailand, as well as excerpts from letters written by people in nine host countries. In the next section crisis situations...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Annual Reports, Community Development, Cooperative Programs,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jan 30, 2015 ERIC
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This publication discusses worldwide problems and issues of concern. There are two major parts. Part I deals with "Converging Demands." For those who regularly read the Worldwatch Papers, much of the material in this section will be familiar. The material is included here particularly for the sake of those readers abroad who do not have ready access to the Institute's publications. Discussed are erosion, biological systems under pressure, oil, food, and emerging economic and social...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Energy, Food, Futures (of Society), Global Approach, Life...
This paper examines worldwide housing problems. The rising prices of materials, energy, and land ensure that buying, building, and maintaining even the most elementary shelter today costs several times what it did a decade ago. People in industrial countries must spend an even larger share of their income if they want to buy a home. Those who cannot afford to buy a house are finding a scarcity of rental units. There is mounting despair about shelter conditions in the Third World, as it becomes...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Factors, Energy, Futures (of...
Recent studies have shown wind power to be an eminently practical and potentially substantial source of electricity and direct mechanical power. Wind machines range from simple water-pumping devices made of wood and cloth to large electricity producing turbines with fiberglass blades nearly 300 feet long. Wind is in effect a form of solar energy--approximately two percent of the sunlight that falls on the earth's surface is converted to the kinetic energy of wind through a system in which warm...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Energy, Power Technology, Solar Radiation,...
Described are the history, current status and future potential of hydroelectric power in the world. Issues discussed include the environmental and social impacts of dam construction, and the use of small-scale hydroelectric installations in developing nations. Also considered are hydroelectric development of the world's remote regions, the need to make better use of existing dams, and new directions in hydropower. (WB)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developing Nations, Electricity, Energy, Industrialization, Natural Resources,...
This paper examines how the exploration of space has affected life on earth. Examined are milestones in space, war or peace in space, learning about earth from space, the satellite communications revolution, space industrialization, and the ownership of space. The real beginning of the Space Age was the October 1957 Soviet launch of a 184-pound satellite into orbit. The United States put an object into orbit in January 1958. The Soviet Union has taken an important lead in internationalizing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Astronomy, Communications Satellites, Earth Science, Industrialization, Peace, Space...
Worldwide economic productivity is examined in this paper. There are seven major sections. Section 1 is an introduction which discusses how as the seventies came to a close without producing a strong and sustained recovery from global economic recession, the spotlight of public concern focused on the problem of productivity. Trends which have affected productivity are discussed and ways of measuring productivity are examined. Section 2 discusses why productivity is important. Higher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Economic Factors, Economics, Futures (of...
This paper discusses six steps which must be taken on a global level to put society on a sustainable path. Of the various steps none is more important than bringing population growth to a halt. The official United Nations medium-level population projects, used by planners throughout the world, show world population reaching some 10.5 billion before eventually stabilizing a century or more from now. It is recommended that the world population be stabilized at the six billion level by the year...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Energy Conservation, Forestry, Global Approach, Natural...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jan 19, 2015 ERIC
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Projects, operations, and future plans are covered in this annual report for the fifth year of the Peace Corps. An introduction overviews past and future activities of the Peace Corps and its volunteers. Section 2 reviews the year 1966 and covers these topics: the new director, Jack Vaughn; countries in which new programs were begun; the Cornell/Peru Report on Peace Corps impact; Peace Corps training; long-range planning; and recruiting. A case study of the Peace Corps program in Niger is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Annual Reports, Community Development, Cooperative Programs,...
Demographic data are used in this report to present information about infant mortality in more- and less-developed countries. One chapter is devoted to rising infant mortality rates in developed countries, which defy the typical post-World War II pattern. Severe economic conditions are linked to this increase. Direct causes of infant deaths are identified as birth defects, malnutrition, and disease. Infectious and parasitic diseases cause deaths frequently preventable by vaccination or proper...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Birth Rate, Comparative Analysis, Death, Demography, Developed Nations, Developing...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jan 16, 2015 ERIC
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The purpose of this text is to introduce the Oromo language, spoken in parts of Ethiopia and Kenya, to Peace Corps volunteers. The Oromo language (also referred to as Galla) used in the text is based on the standard language spoken in the western and southwestern provinces of Wollega, Illubabor, and Kaffa. However, with dialectal differences taken into account, these materials can be used to teach the Oromo language in any area. The materials have been presented in such a way that the teacher...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Dialogs (Language), Grammar, Listening Comprehension,...
Solar photovoltaic cells have been called the ultimate energy technology, environmentally benign and without moving parts, solar cells directly convert sunlight into electricity. Photovoltaic energy conversion is fundamentally different from all other forms of electricity generation. Without turbines, generators or other mechanical equipment, it more closely resembles photosynthesis, the biochemical process that forms the energy basis of life on earth. A product of mid-twentieth century...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Electricity, Energy, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries, Government Role,...
Analysts of U.S.-Soviet balance of power usually focus on relative military strength. But other factors determine a country's overall power and influence. Among the most basic is a country's capacity to feed its people. By this measure the Soviet Union appears to be in deep trouble. Massive spending has increased Soviet military strength in recent years, but the country has become weaker agriculturally. While the two superpowers now appear roughly equal in military strength, the advantage in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Agricultural Trends, Agriculture, Economic Factors, Exports,...
This report focuses on the necessity and advantages of recycling. Following an introduction, the report is divided into five sections, addressing respectively: the necessity of recycling; waste paper recycling; aluminum recycling; iron and steel recycling; and three steps to a "recycling society." These steps include: (1) requiring that consumers pay full costs of materials they use and requiring efforts to reduce energy price subsidies; (2) building world markets for scrap paper,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Environmental Education, Foreign Countries, Fuels, Matter, Metals, Paper (Material),...
Nuclear power was considered vital to humanity's future until just a short time ago. Since the late seventies, economic viability has joined a list of such issues as waste disposal and radiation hazards which call into question the future of nuclear power. This document discusses (in separate sections): (1) the selling of nuclear power, including worldwide nuclear power commitments; (2) costs, including annual rate increases for nuclear construction; (3) explanations for the rising cost of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Costs, Economic Factors, Economics, Electricity, Foreign Countries, Nuclear Energy,...
The current use and potential of technology for achieving security and peace are explored. Section 1 traces the use of technology for warfare through the mastery of ocean-going sailing, the maturation of the airplane, and the development of nuclear weapons. This section suggests that these developments have led to a loss rather than an increase in security. Section 2 discusses the "transparency revolution," which refers to the military reconnaissance, sensing, command, and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Global Approach, Modern History, Nuclear Warfare, Peace, Political Issues, Security...
A wide variety of incentive and disincentive programs are presented in an effort to stabilize the population and prevent bankruptcy of physical, economic, and social resources, particularly in countries like India and China. Following an introduction, the document discusses several programs, including (1) the use of small one-time payments for individuals who become sterilized and to family planning workers or doctors for each acceptor recruited; (2) incentives that improve welfare such as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Birth Rate, Change Strategies, Community Resources, Contraception, Depleted...
Although soil erosion is a natural process, it has increased to the point where it far exceeds the natural formation of new soil. However, with only occasional exceptions, national agricultural and population policies have failed to take soil depletion into account. Projections of world food production always incorporate estimates of future cropland area, but what has been lacking has been an effort to project changes in inherent productivity of the projected cropland area. To help remedy this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Production, Developing Nations, Economics, Foreign Countries, Government...
Least-cost health strategies designed to attack the world's leading causes of unnecessary death are explored. Section 1 emphasizes the value of primary health-care procedures--midwifery, maternal education on breastfeeding and weaning, vaccinations, oral rehydration of victims of diarrhea, and antibiotics against respiratory infections--in lowering infant and child mortality in developing countries. Part 2 links the availability of clean drinking water and human waste disposal to diarrheal,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cancer, Cost Effectiveness, Disease Control, Eating Habits, Global Approach, Health...
This book traces centuries of human use and abuse of forest ecosystems by discussing past decades of intense burning, grazing, and timber cutting that added to the natural acidification of the soil. Air pollutants and acids generated by industrial activities worldwide are also considered. Many forests in Europe and North America now receive as much as 30 times more acidity than they would if rain or snow were falling through a pristine atmosphere; ozone levels in many rural areas of Europe and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Air Pollution, Ecology, Environmental Education, Environmental Influences, Forestry,...
This manual contains materials to provide Peace Corps Volunteers with the skills to make the transition from one culture to another, to enter and become fluent in another culture, and to understand the current political, social, and religious context. The approach to training is "skill building" for continued learning. Introductory materials include the goals of cross-cultural preservice training, the themes of the manual and training, and trainer notes. Materials are provided for 10...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Behavioral Objectives, Communication Problems, Communication Skills,...
This manual, developed for training Peace Corps volunteers for service in developing countries, explains the process of agricultural extension and provides practical guidance on carrying out an agricultural extension program. The manual is organized into six chapters. The first chapter explains what agricultural extension is and how it is used in the Peace Corps. The second and third chapters concentrate on background information for beginning and carrying out an agricultural extension program....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Education, Agricultural Skills, Case Studies, Cooperatives, Developing...
The first of a series of annual reports for policy makers, this publication focuses on evaluating changes in the interplay between the world's changing resource base and the economic system. Following an overview, content is divided into 10 additional chapters covering population stabilization, the world's dependence on oil, soil conservation, forest protection, materials recycling, the economics of nuclear power, the development of renewable energy, the future of the automobile, the world food...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conservation (Environment), Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing...
This paper highlights some of the themes that any successful strategy to reverse the decline of Africa must embrace. Africa is a continent experiencing a breakdown in the relationship between people and their natural support systems. Famine and the threat of famine are among the manifestations of this breakdown. This decline can be reversed. To do so will require an abrupt departure from the "business as usual" approach that African governments and the international community have...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Conservation (Environment), Ecological Factors, Economic Factors,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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This report emphasizes the need for action in improving human nutrition, health and the status of women in Third World countries. Special attention is directed to improvement in child health care practices. The report advocates a strategy that meshes short term needs of desperate families with long term requirements of ecological stability and economic development. A strategy of integrated development to meet basic needs in the Third World demands not just techniques that prevent death but...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Birth Rate, Developing Nations, Disease Control, Family Health, Family Planning,...
A directory of the 82 African languages given high priority for instruction in the United States contains a profile for each language that includes its classification and where it is spoken, the number of speakers, dialect situation, usage, orthography status, and listings of related human and institutional resources for the purpose of systematizing instruction. The languages profiled are: Akan, Amharic, Anyi/Baule, Arabic, Bamileke, Bemba, Berber, Chewa/Nyanja, Chokwe/Lunda, Dinka (Agar/Bor/...
Topics: ERIC Archive, African Languages, Afro Asiatic Languages, Dialects, Educational Policy, Information...
The second of a series of annual reports designed to provide a global assessment of progress toward a sustainable society, this publication monitors changes in the global resource base (land, water, energy, and biological support systems), focusing particularly on how these changes affect the economy. Included in the report are news on innovative or particularly successful technical developments; a look at global economic conditions that policy makers often overlook; a review of national...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alternative Energy Sources, Conservation (Environment), Depleted Resources, Developed...
This report examines various topics and issues related to worldwide energy productivity and energy conservation. Following an introduction, these issues are considered in 6 sections focusing on: (1) energy demand projections (with data on 1982 energy consumption in selected countries); (2) continued industrial efficiency gains (including data on energy use in steel manufacturing and electrical energy use in aluminum smelting in major producing countries, ranked by efficiency); (3) the saving of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economic Progress, Energy, Energy Conservation, Futures (of Society), Manufacturing...
This document, which examines various topics and issues related to the management of freshwater supplies, is organized into 6 main sections. These sections include: (1) the water cycle and renewable supplies, providing data on distribution of such supplies by continent and average annual per capita runoff produced in selected countries with projections for the year 2000; (2) competing uses for water, providing data on world water use (total and per capita) for 1940-80, growth in irrigated areas...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agriculture, Conservation (Environment), Developing Nations, Foreign Countries,...